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Identification of a tachykinin-related peptide with orexigenic properties in the German cockroach

AuthorsPascual Duran, Nuria ; Maestro, José L. ; Chiva, Cristina; Andreu, David; Bellés, Xavier
KeywordsMyotropic peptide
Food consumption
Blattella germanica
Issue DateMar-2008
CitationPeptides 29(3): 386-392 (2008)
AbstractA number of evidences suggest that tachykinin-related peptides (TRPs) of insects can stimulate food consumption after being released from the midgut to the hemolymph. The idea of the present work has been to test this hypothesis in the anautogenous cockroach Blattella germanica. First, we have identified the peptide LemTRP-1 (APSGFLGVR-NH2) from brain extracts, by means of an ELISA developed with a polyclonal antibody against this peptide. ELISA studies have also shown that, whereas brain LemTRP-1 levels were fairly constant, midgut levels increase to a maximum on day 3 after adult emergence, falling thereafter until the end of the gonadotrophic cycle. Interestingly, maximum values of food consumption are concomitant with the decrease of LemTRP-1 immunoreactivity in the midgut. Furthermore, starvation decreases LemTRP-1 immunoreactivity in midgut, whereas in the hemolymph it increases. Finally, injection of synthetic LemTRP-1 to adult females significantly stimulates food consumption. The whole observations suggest that LemTRP-1 is released from the midgut to the hemolymph when sustained food consumption is required to maintain vitellogenesis at the highest levels, and that LemTRP-1 in the hemolymph stimulates food consumption in these days. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2007.11.010
Identifiersissn: 0196-9781
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