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What can the parameters of the species–area relationship (SAR) tell us? Insights from Mediterranean islands

AuthorsFattorini, Simone; Borges, Paulo A. V.; Dapporto, Leonardo; Strona, Giovanni
Issue DateMay-2017
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of Biogeography 44(5): 1018-1028 (2017)
Abstract[Aim] The species–area relationship (SAR) is often modelled by the linearized power function log S = log c + z log A, where S is species richness, A is area, logc is the intercept and z is the slope. Although investigating how c and z values vary across taxa and archipelagos can provide insights into the biology of the SAR, this approach has many caveats. In this study, we aim to clarify how and why SARs should be properly compared for the same taxon among different areas, or among different taxa in the same area.
[Location] Mediterranean. We considered 18–46 Tyrrhenian islands (0.000024–223 km2) and 32–65 Aegean islands (0.0058–8261 km2).
Methods] We used OLS regressions to estimate c and z values for various taxonomic groups: land snails, isopods, centipedes, tenebrionids and reptiles. We used ANCOVAs to test (1) if different taxa have different z and c values within the same island group (possibly due to their dispersal ability and ecological characteristics), and (2) if the same taxon has different z and c values in different island groups (possibly due to differences in historical processes and isolation).
[Results] z varied between 0.141 and 0.309, while c varied between 2.717 and 12.286 species per unit area (1 km2). For tenebrionids, centipedes and land snails, we found higher c values in the Tyrrhenian islands than in the Aegean islands. Overall, c values were highest for land snails.
[Main conclusions] Our results demonstrate the importance of comparing SARs either of different groups within the same area, or of the same group in different areas. Furthermore, we identify the intercept, rather than the slope, as being dependent on the biogeographical dynamics (relict versus equilibrium faunas) and species ecology (dispersal capabilities and population abundance).
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12874
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