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Anthropogenic versus mineral aerosols in the stimulation of microbial planktonic communities in coastal waters of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea

AutorMarín, Isabel ; Nunes, Sdena ; Sanchez-Perez, Elvia D. ; Estrada, Marta ; Marrasé, Cèlia ; Moreno, Teresa; Wagener, T.; Querol, Xavier; Peters, Francesc
Palabras claveMediterranean Sea
Saharan dust
Anthropogenic aerosols
Fecha de publicaciónene-2017
CitaciónScience of The Total Environment 574: 553-568 (2017)
ResumenThe atmosphere of the northwestern (NW) Mediterranean Sea is affected by continuous inputs of anthropogenic aerosols and episodic Saharan dust events. These atmospheric inputs deliver to the surface waters high amounts of macronutrients and trace metals that can constitute their main source at certain times of the year. The effect of both anthropogenic and crustal particles over the autotrophic and heterotrophic planktonic community assembles was evaluated through three microcosm experiments carried out in the summer of 2013 and in the winter and spring of 2014 at an urban coastal location of the NW Mediterranean (Barcelona, Spain). Particles were added to seawater at a concentration of 0.8 mg l− 1. The results showed that (i) a greater stimulation of the whole community was observed in summer and spring than in winter; (ii) both kinds of aerosols produced an increase in the growth of phytoplankton, although the stimulation of nanoeukaryotes was significantly larger with anthropogenic aerosols; and (iii) bacterial abundance increased more with mineral dust, whereas bacterial production was more stimulated with anthropogenic inputs. Overall, the effect of atmospheric particles was dependent on their composition and solubility in seawater, as well as on the initial biogeochemical conditions present in the seawater and had the potential to change the net metabolic balance of the microbial planktonic community
Descripción16 pages, 8 figures, 5 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.005
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.005
issn: 0048-9697
e-issn: 1879-1026
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