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Effect of Na doping on the Ca3Co4O9 thermoelectric performance

AuthorsConstantinescu, G.; Rasekh, Sh.; Torres, M. A.; Bosque, P.; Diez, J. C.; Madre, M. A.; Sotelo, A.
Seebeck coefficient
Electrical properties
Issue Date2015
CitationCeramics International 41(9): 10897-10903 (2015)
AbstractCa3-xNaxCo4O9 polycrystalline thermoelectric ceramics with small amounts of Na (x=0, 0.01, 0.03, 0.05, 0.07, and 0.10) have been prepared using the classical solid state method. Microstructural characterization has shown that Na has been incorporated into the Ca3Co4O9 phase and that no Na-based secondary phases have been produced. It has also been found that Na addition promotes grain growth and favours sintering due to the formation of a small amount of liquid phase. Electrical resistivity decreases when Na content increases until 0.07Na addition while Seebeck coefficient is maintained practically unchanged. The improvement in electrical resistivity leads to higher power factor values than the usually obtained in samples prepared by more complex and expensive techniques.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.05.031
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.05.031
issn: 0272-8842
e-issn: 1873-3956
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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