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Cosmogenic radionuclide production in NaI(Tl) crystals

AutorAmaré, J.; Cuesta, C.; Oliván, Montserrat ; Pobes, C.
Palabras claveDark matter
Radionuclide production
NaI detectors
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 02: 046 (2015)
ResumenThe production of long-lived radioactive isotopes in materials due to the exposure to cosmic rays on Earth surface can be an hazard for experiments demanding ultra-low background conditions, typically performed deep underground. Production rates of cosmogenic isotopes in all the materials present in the experimental set-up, as well as the corresponding cosmic rays exposure history, must be both well known in order to assess the relevance of this effect in the achievable sensitivity of a given experiment. Although NaI(Tl) scintillators are being used in experiments aiming at the direct detection of dark matter since the first nineties of the last century, very few data about cosmogenic isotopes production rates have been published up to date. In this work we present data from two 12.5 kg NaI(Tl) detectors, developed in the frame of the ANAIS project, which were installed inside a convenient shielding at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory just after finishing surface exposure to cosmic rays. The very fast start of data taking allowed to identify and quantify isotopes with half-lives of the order of tens of days. Initial activities underground have been measured and then production rates at sea level have been estimated following the history of detectors; values of about a few tens of nuclei per kg and day for Te isotopes and 22Na and of a few hundreds for I isotopes have been found. These are the first direct estimates of production rates of cosmogenic nuclides in NaI crystals. A comparison of the so deduced rates with calculations using typical cosmic neutron flux at sea level and a carefully selected description of excitation functions will be also presented together with an estimate of the corresponding contribution to the background at low and high energies, which can be relevant for experiments aiming at rare events searches.
DescripciónarXiv:1411.0106v2.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2015/02/046
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/02/046
e-issn: 1475-7516
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