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Transverse oscillations in slender Ca II H fibrils observed with Sunrise/SuFI

AuthorsJafarzadeh, S.; Toro, José Carlos del ; Orozco Suárez, David ; Schmidt, W.
KeywordsSun: chromosphere
Sun: magnetic fields
Sun: oscillations
Techniques: imaging spectroscopy
Issue Date22-Mar-2017
PublisherAmerican Astronomical Society
Institute of Physics (Great Britain)
CitationAstrophysical Journal - Supplement Series 229(1): 9 (2017)
Abstract©2017 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. We present observations of transverse oscillations in slender Ca ii H fibrils (SCFs) in the lower solar chromosphere. We use a 1 hr long time series of high- (spatial and temporal-) resolution seeing-free observations in a 1.1 Å wide passband covering the line core of Ca ii H 3969 Å from the second flight of the Sunrise balloon-borne solar observatory. The entire field of view, spanning the polarity inversion line of an active region close to the solar disk center, is covered with bright, thin, and very dynamic fine structures. Our analysis reveals the prevalence of transverse waves in SCFs with median amplitudes and periods on the order of 2.4 ± 0.8 km s−1 and 83 ± 29 s, respectively (with standard deviations given as uncertainties). We find that the transverse waves often propagate along (parts of) the SCFs with median phase speeds of 9 ± 14 km s−1. While the propagation is only in one direction along the axis in some of the SCFs, propagating waves in both directions, as well as standing waves are also observed. The transverse oscillations are likely Alfvénic and are thought to be representative of magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. The wave propagation suggests that the rapid high-frequency transverse waves, often produced in the lower photosphere, can penetrate into the chromosphere with an estimated energy flux of ≈15 kW m−2. Characteristics of these waves differ from those reported for other fibrillar structures, which, however, were observed mainly in the upper solar chromosphere.
DescriptionS. Jafarzadeh et. al.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/229/1/9
Appears in Collections:(IAA) Artículos
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