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Pottery for the burials: exploring the raw materials exploitation in the pottery of Can Gambús-1 (Sabadell, Cataluña)

AuthorsCubas, Miriam; Sánchez, Miguel Ángel; Roig, Jordi; Coll, Joan Manuel; Gibaja, Juan Francisco
KeywordsThin section
Technological choices
Middle Neolithic
Issue Date2016
PublisherUniversidade do Algarve
CitationRaw materials exploitation in Prehistory: sourcing, processing and distribution. 10-12 March 2016, Faro (2016)
AbstractThe development of studies focused on pottery in Cataluña has increased since the beginning of this century. Most of these studies consider pottery as the result of a technological process and they are focused on raw material procurement, modifications of clay and technological aspects of its manufacture. The application of this kind of studies allows us to distinguish the different technological choices used in the manufacturing process and to propose new interpretations about the productive organization. In this study we present the methodology and first results of the analysis of the pottery ensemble from Can Gambús-1 (Sabadell, Cataluña). It is a complex archaeological site with evidence of different chronologies, among them we have to highlight the necropolis attributed to the Middle Neolithic due to its relevance and to the quality of the archaeological materials recovered. Radiocarbon dates available allows us to propose a chronology focused on the end of the 5th and beginning of the 4th millennium cal BC. This necropolis is composed by different funerary structures for which the construction and the composition of the grave goods may indicate some social differentiation between the individuals buried. The grave goods include different kind of vessels of different morphologies and decoration. This contribution is focused on the mineralogical analysis through thin section of samples selected by their morphological and decorative characteristics. The petrographic study in thin section has allowed a systematic description of textural and mineralogical aspects of the samples. Based on the petrographic description, we propose different manufacturing groups with similar textural and mineralogical characteristics. The analysis allowed us to propose different areas of raw material procurement based on the geological coherence with geological environment and to stablish different methods of manufacture, suggesting different technological choices in the preparation of clays.
Appears in Collections:(IMF) Comunicaciones congresos
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