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Title

Winter drought impairs xylem phenology, anatomy and growth in Mediterranean Scots pine forests

AuthorsCamarero, Jesús Julio ; Guada, Guillermo; Sánchez-Salguero, R.; Cervantes, Emilio
KeywordsCambium
Climatic extremes
Dendroecology
Needle loss
Pinus sylvestris
Resilience
Xylogenesis
Issue Date2016
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationTree Physiology 36(12): 1536-1549 (2016)
AbstractContinental Mediterranean forests face drought and cold stress. Drought and cold spells are climate extremes which can impair the recovery and resilience capacity of some Mediterranean forests. Climate warming could amplify the negative effects on forests of climate extremes by altering phenology phases (premature dehardening) and by magnifying drought stress. Here we capitalize on a winter-drought induced dieback triggered by a cold spell which occurred in December 2001 and affected Scots pine forests in E. Spain. We assessed post-dieback recovery by quantifying and comparing radial growth and xylem anatomy of non-declining (crown cover > 50%) and declining (crown cover ≤ 50%) trees in two sites (VP, Villarroya de los Pinares; TO, Torrijas). We also characterized aboveground productivity in site VP and xylogenesis in both sites during 2005. Dieback caused legacy effects since needle loss, a 60% reduction in aboveground biomass and radial-growth decline characterized declining trees three years after these dieback symptoms started in spring 2002. Declining trees formed collapsed tracheids in the 2002-ring earlywood, particularly in the most affected VP site where xylogenesis differences between non-declining and declining trees were most noticeable. The lower growth rates of declining trees were explained by a shorter duration of their major xylogenesis phases. In the site VP the radial-enlargement and wall-thickening of tracheids were significantly reduced in declining trees as compared to non-declining trees, and this was because these phases tended to start earlier and end later in non-declining than in declining trees. Gompertz models fitted to tracheid production predicted that maximum growth rates occurred 11-12 days earlier in non-declining than in declining trees. The formation of radially-enlarging tracheids was enhanced by longer days in both study sites and also by wetter conditions in the driest TO site, but this xylogenesis sensitivity to climate was reduced in declining trees. Winter-drought induced dieback impairs xylem anatomy and phenology, aboveground productivity, xylogenesis and growth in Mediterranean Scots pine populations. Affected stands show a costly post-dieback recovery challenging their resilience ability.
Description39 páginas, 5 tablas, 6 figuras, 2 figuras suplementarias. -- This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Tree Physiology following peer review. The version of record [J. J. Camarero, G. Guada, R. Sánchez-Salguero, E. Cervantes; Winter drought impairs xylem phenology, anatomy and growth in Mediterranean Scots pine forests. Tree Physiol 2016; 36 (12): 1536-1549] is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpw077
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpw077
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/146986
DOI10.1093/treephys/tpw077
ISSN0829-318X
E-ISSN1758-4469
Appears in Collections:(IRNASA) Artículos
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