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Hunting and raptor conservation in eastern Spain: a review of shot birds in the last decade (2000-2010)

AutorRomero, Marta; Limiñana, Rubén
Palabras claveEndangered
Media veda
Protected
Rehabilitation centre & Valencia
Fecha de publicación2012
CitaciónInternational Conference on Hunting for Sustainability (2012)
ResumenHunting still represents a conservation problem for several animal species in Spain, where it is currently one of the main threats for endangered species or populations. Here, we analyze the effect of hunting on protected wild bird species in the province of Valencia (Eastern Spain), identifying the most affected bird groups to assess its impact on endangered species. To do that, we reviewed admissions data of shot non-game birds to “La Granja” Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre (Valencia) in the last decade (from 2000 to 2010). A total of 479 protected birds coming from Valencia province were admitted during that period. Most of these protected birds were admitted during the two different hunting periods in Spain, with 8% of them entering to the rehabilitation centre during the “media veda” (the hunting season between August and September) and 86% during the “veda” (the hunting period between October and February). Raptors were the most affected group, with diurnal and nocturnal raptors representing the 62% and 12% of total birds admitted, respectively. The species most commonly found shot was the Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), followed by the Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nissus) and the Common Buzzard (Buteo buteo), with 105, 75 and 41 individuals admitted, respectively. Also, 11 individuals of the Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus), which is listed as “Endangered” in the Comunidad Valenciana, and five individuals of the Bonelli’s Eagle (Aquila fasciata), listed as “Vulnerable” in Spain, were also admitted to the centre; hence, hunting may represent a severe threat to the local populations of these species. On the other hand, amongst nocturnal raptors, the Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) and the Little Owl (Athene noctua) were the most affected species, with 25 and 12 admittances respectively. Apart from raptors, aquatic birds, such as herons (e.g. Ardea cinerea), egrets (e.g. Bulbucus ibis) and rallids (e.g. Porphyrio porphyrio), were also quite affected by shooting in the study area. Finally, a slightly decreasing trend in the number of shot birds admitted to the rehabilitation centre during the study period was observed, when compared with the total bird incomes. This trend may be due to an increased perception of environmental problems and conservation concern by people or to the fact that a smaller number of hunting licenses are issued each year. However, some other conservation problems may infrastructures like power lines), as the total number of birds admitted to this rehabilitation centre has remained stable during the study period.
DescripciónResumen del póster presentado a la International Conference on Hunting for Sustainability: "Ecology, Economics and Society", celebrada en Ciudad Real (España) del 27 al 29 de marzo de 2012.-- et al.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/146867
Aparece en las colecciones: (IREC) Comunicaciones congresos
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