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Título

Comparison of the characteristics in hen and quail corneas as experimental models of refractive surgery

AutorGonçalves, G.C.; Pérez Merino, Pablo ; Martínez-García, M.C.; Barcía, A.; Merayo-Loves, J.
Palabras claveRefractive surgery
Bowman
Quail
Hen
Cornea
Fecha de publicación23-abr-2016
EditorSociedad Española de Oftalmología
Elsevier
CitaciónArchivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia 91: 310-315 (2016)
ResumenAim: To compare the histological, morphological and the biophysical measurements between hen and quail corneas, in order to determine which of them were better suited for use as an animal model for research into corneal refractive surgery. Material and methods: A study was performed using the biophysical measurements of the cornea (curvature, thickness, refraction, and axial length) of 20 animals (10 hens and 10 quails). The corneas were then prepared for histological analysis under microscopy light. Results: The analysis showed that both groups have the same number of corneal layers as the human cornea and with an evident Bowman's layer. The thickness of the hen cornea and axial length of the eye, 225.3 ± 18.4 μm and 12.8 ± 0.25 mm, respectively, were larger than that of the quail (P <.01 and P <.001, respectively). The radius of curvature for the hen central cornea, 3.65 ± 0.08 mm, was greater than that for the quail (P <.001), but the refractive power of each cornea was similar. The proportion of total corneal thickness of the hen stroma, 82.6%, was more similar to that of the human than was the quail stroma, 72.5%. Within the hen stroma, the density of keratocytes, 8.57 ± 1.49 per 5,000 μm, was about half that in the quail stroma (P <.005). Conclusions: Because of the large size of the hen cornea, the stromal thickness and proportional similarity of the corneal layers with human cornea, the hen maybe better than the quail as an alternative species suitable for use in studies of corneal refractive surgery. © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España,
Descripción6 págs.; 2 figs.; 2 tabs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oftale.2016.04.006
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/146483
DOI10.1016/j.oftale.2016.04.006
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2016.01.012
issn: 0365-6691
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