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A new family of cermets: Chemically complex but microstructurally simple

AuthorsObra, A.G. de la; Avilés Escaño, Miguel Ángel ; Torres, Y.; Chicardi, E. ; Gotor, F.J.
Issue Date2017
CitationInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 63: 17-25 (2017)
AbstractCermets based on Ti(C,N) have interesting properties, such as high wear resistance, high chemical stability and good mechanical strength at high temperature, but to become a viable alternative to cemented carbides, the fracture toughness and damage tolerance must be significantly improved. Complete solid-solution cermets (CSCs) have been proposed to further improve the mechanical properties of these materials. However, to develop this family of cermets with a high level of quality and reliability, using pre-fabricated complex carbonitrides is necessary instead of unalloyed mixtures as the raw ceramic material. A mechanochemical process called mechanically induced self-sustaining reaction (MSR) is suitable to obtain these complex carbonitrides with high stoichiometric control. On the other hand, high entropy alloys (HEAs), which can also be obtained by mechanochemical processes, are a good candidate to replace the current binder phase in cermets because they exhibit high strength and ductility at high temperature and good resistance to both wear and corrosion. In this work, a new family of CSCs based on (Ti,Ta,Nb)CxN1 − x with HEAs belonging to the Fe-Co-Ni-Cr-Mn-V system as the binder phase is developed by mechanochemical processes. With only two constituent phases, these cermets have a simple microstructure but a high compositional complexity because both the ceramic and binder phases are complex solid solutions with at least five components.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2016.04.011
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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