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NaCl-induced physiological and biochemical adaptative mechanisms in the ornamental Myrtus communis L. plants

AutorAcosta-Motos, José Ramón ; Díaz-Vivancos, Pedro; Álvarez Martín, Sara ; Fernández, Nieves ; Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús ; Hernández, José Antonio
Palabras claveOxidative stress
Water relations
Recovery capacity
Leaf anatomy
Gas exchange
ASC-GSH cycle
Fecha de publicación1-jul-2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónJournal of Plant Physiology 183: 41-51 (2015)
ResumenPhysiological and biochemical changes in Myrtus communis L. plants after being subjected to different solutions of NaCl (44, and 88mM) for up to 30 days (Phase I) and after recovery from the salinity period (Phase II) were studied. Myrtle plants showed salinity tolerance by displaying a series of adaptative mechanisms to cope with salt-stress, including controlled ion homeostasis, the increase in root/shoot ratio, the reduction of water potentials and stomatal conductance to limit water loss. In addition, they displayed different strategies to protect the photosynthetic machinery, including limiting toxic ion accumulation in leaves, increase in chlorophyll content, and changes in chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, leaf anatomy and increases in catalase activity. Anatomical modifications in leaves, including a decrease in spongy parenchyma and increased intercellular spaces, allow CO<inf>2</inf> diffusion in a situation of reduced stomatal aperture. In spite of all these changes, salinity produced oxidative stress in myrtle plants as monitored by increases in oxidative stress parameter values. The post-recovery period is perceived as a new stress situation, as observed through effects on plant growth and alterations in non-photochemical quenching parameters and lipid peroxidation values. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2015.05.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/146094
DOI10.1016/j.jplph.2015.05.005
Identificadoresissn: 0176-1617
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