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Salts and nutrients present in regenerated waters induce changes in water relations, antioxidative metabolism, ion accumulation and restricted ion uptake in Myrtus communis L. plants

AuthorsAcosta-Motos, José Ramón ; Álvarez Martín, Sara ; Barba-Espín, Gregorio ; Hernández, José Antonio ; Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús
KeywordsReclaimed water
Ion transport
Oxidative stress
Gas exchange
Recovery capacity
Issue DateDec-2014
CitationPlant Physiology and Biochemistry 85: 41-50 (2014)
AbstractThe use of reclaimed water (RW) constitutes a valuable strategy for the efficient management of water and nutrients in landscaping. However, RW may contain levels of toxic ions, affecting plant production or quality, a very important aspect for ornamental plants. The present paper evaluates the effect of different quality RWs on physiological and biochemical parameters and the recovery capacity in Myrtus communis L. plants. M.communis plants were submitted to 3 irrigation treatments with RW from different sources (22 weeks): RW1 (1.7dSm-1), RW2 (4.0dSm-1) and RW3 (8.0dSm-1) and one control (C, 0.8dSm-1). During a recovery period of 11 weeks, all plants were irrigated with the control water. The RW treatments did not negatively affect plant growth, while RW2 even led to an increase in biomass. After recovery, only plants irrigated with RW3 showed some negative effects on growth, which was related to a decrease in the net photosynthesis rate, higher Na accumulation and a reduction in K levels. An increase in salinity was accompanied by decreases in leaf water potential, relative water content and gas exchange parameters, and increases in Na and Cl uptake. Plants accumulated Na in roots and restricted its translocation to the aerial part. The highest salinity levels produced oxidative stress, as seen from the rise in electrolyte leakage and lipid peroxidation. The use of regenerated water together with carefully managed drainage practices, which avoid the accumulation of salt by the substrate, will provide economic and environmental benefits. © 2014.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2014.10.009
Identifiersissn: 0981-9428
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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