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Title

Irrigation of Myrtus communis plants with reclaimed water: Morphological and physiological responses to different levels of salinity

AuthorsAcosta-Motos, José Ramón ; Álvarez Martín, Sara ; Hernández, José Antonio ; Sánchez-Blanco, María Jesús
Issue Date1-May-2014
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 89(5): 487-494 (2014)
AbstractThe influence of irrigation with different sources of reclaimed water on physiological and morphological changes in Myrtus communis plants was investigated to evaluate their adaptability to such conditions. M. communis plants, growing in a growth chamber, were subjected to four irrigation treatments over 4 months (120 d): a control [tap water (0.8 dS m–1), leaching 10% (v/v) of the applied water] and three reclaimed water irrigation treatments, namely 1.5 dS m–1 leaching 25% (v/v) of the applied water (RW1), 4.0 dS m–1 leaching 40% (v/v) of the applied water (RW2), and 8.0 dS m–1 leaching 55% (v/v) of the applied water (RW3). After treatment, all plants were irrigated with tap water, as for the control plants, for a further 2 months (60 d). At the end of the first period (4 months), none of the myrtle plants showed any adverse change in biomass and the average total dry weight (DW) increased by 53% in treatment RW2. However, at the end of the treatment and recovery period (180 d), accumulations of Cl– ions, and especially Na+ ions, negatively affected the growth of all RW3 plants. Plants irrigated with all three reclaimed water samples had increased difficulty in taking-up water from the substrate (i.e., they had lower leaf water potential and relative water content values). RW2 plants showed a better response in their gas exchange parameters. The use of reclaimed water decreased leaf K+/Na+ and Ca2+/Na+ ratios, but no chlorosis or necrosis were observed. The three reclaimed water samples had different effects on the myrtle plants depending on the specific chemical properties of the water. Leaching was found to be important to minimise the negative effects of salinity in the irrigation water. © 2014 Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2014.11513110
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/146081
DOI10.1080/14620316.2014.11513110
Identifiersissn: 1462-0316
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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