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Pseudo-nitzschia spp. (Bacillariophyceae) and dissolved organic matter (DOM) dynamics in the Ebro Delta (Alfacs Bay, NW Mediterranean Sea)

AutorLoureiro, Sofía ; Garcés, Esther ; Fernández-Tejedor, Margarita; Vaqué, Dolors ; Camp, Jordi
Palabras claveOrganic and inorganic matter
Experimental research
Harmful algal blooms
Microalgae nutrition
Fecha de publicaciónmay-2009
CitaciónEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 83(4): 539–549 (2009)
ResumenSamples were collected during one annual cycle (April 2007–March 2008) at Alfacs Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea) central station in order to assess the influence of organic nutrients in the growth of the microalgae assemblage, with special reference to Pseudo-nitzschia spp. This potentially toxic diatom forms natural and recurrent blooms in the study area. To assess further the relationship between Pseudonitzschia spp. and nutrients an enrichment experiment with high molecular weight dissolved organic matter (HMWDOM) was performed with field samples obtained during a Pseudo-nitzschia spp. bloom. HMWDOM was extracted from water collected at Alfacs Bay. Five bioassays were prepared: N + P (seawater with addition of nitrate and phosphate), DOM (addition of HMWDOM), (-N+P) +DOM (nitrogen deficient, with addition of phosphate and HMWDOM), (N + P)+DOM (addition of nitrate, phosphate and HMWDOM), seawater control (without added nutrients), and B+DOM (control of bacteria, without microalgae). The experiment was run in batch mode over 4 days. Results from the field study revealed that the concentrations of organic nutrients mostly surpassed the inorganic pool. Pseudonitzschia spp. was the most frequent and abundant taxa of the microalgae community. The microplanktonic assemblage was arranged according to a seasonal factor (ANOSIM and cluster analysis). DON, nitrate and silicate were the most important abiotic parameters contributing to the dissimilarities between seasons (SIMPER analysis) and thereby potentially influencing the seasonal distribution of microalgae in the representative station. In the experimental investigation, Pseudo-nitzschia cells increased by the end of the experiment in the DOM bioassay but no respective increase was observed for chlorophyll a. This could point to an acquisition of nutrients through the DOM fraction that would conjointly reduce the need of chlorophyll a. The data obtained suggest that organic nutrients may exert an important role in the development of microalgae, including Pseudo-nitzschia spp., in the selected location
Descripción11 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.04.029
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