English   español  
Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/145811
COMPARTIR / IMPACTO:
Estadísticas
logo share SHARE logo core CORE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE

Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL
Exportar a otros formatos:
Título

Ocupaciones de montaña en el marco de los primeros grupos agro-pastorales del Pirineo Central en el VI-V milenio cal ANE: una perspectiva paleoeconómica

Otros títulosMountain occupations of the first agro-pastoral communities of the Central Pyrenees during the 6-5th millennia cal BC: a paleoeconomic perspective
AutorMazzucco, Niccolò ; Clemente-Conte, Ignacio ; Gassiot Ballbè, Ermengol; Rodríguez Antón, David
Palabras claveEhiza
Paleoekonomia
Neolitikoa
Nekazaritza
Pyrenees
Neolithic
Palaeoconomy
Hunting farming
Pirineos
Neolítico
Paleoecónomia
Caza
agricultura
Pirinioak
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorSociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi
CitaciónMunibe (67) : 339-348 (2016)
Resumen[EN] In this paper, we present a review of the available information about the first agro-pastoral communities which occupied the Central Pyrenees, between the 6th and the 5th millennium cal BC. Our aim is to discuss some aspects related to the paleoeconomical behaviours of such first settlers, with particular attention to two relevant productive activities: hunting and crop-husbandry. Both are frequently claimed to be used in mountainous areas in integration to domestic animal herding. However, to which extent both economic processes were carried out at midand high-altitudes? Do were they intensively or marginally practiced? Which was their role within the overall economic system? In this review, we will take in consideration all the available information in the Pyrenean sites; however, most of them have been only partially or fragmentarily published. Our results suggest that both activities were only marginally practiced in the mountainous areas of the Pyrenees. Despite both hunting and crop-husbandry can be considered everyday activities, commonly represented within the archaeological records of the period, they do not appear to be intensively carried in at higher altitudes. Hunting appears only occasionally practiced as a secondary source of food gathering. Neolithic groups occupying the mid- and high-altitude of the Pyrenees do not seem to rely on hunting more than the communities settled at lower altitude; on the contrary the consumption of wild games appears, generally, lower. For what concern crop-husbandry, on the basis of the available data, we must conclude that there are no clear evidences that cereal cultivation has been carried out at mountain altitude, at least during Early Neolithic. Despite that, the archaeological record testifies the consumption of agricultural provisions –carried into the site from elsewhere and not produced or processed locally– in several cave-sites located at mountain and subalpine altitudes. This pattern suggests that, in the mountainous areas of the Central Pyrenees, crops were mainly exploited as integrative alimentary sources. In conclusion, our data indicate the existence of mobile herding groups which gradually occupied the mountainous areas of the Pyrenees starting from the second half of the 6th millennium cal BC. Such groups moved over relatively large territories to develop their economic practices. Hunting and agriculture were integrated within this system and provided integrative alimentary sources and/or provisions which were moved and transported from one site to another. Nevertheless, further investigations are needed to deepen our understanding of the economic and social organization of such communities.
[ES] En este trabajo vamos a realizar una revisión de las evidencias disponibles sobre las primeras ocupaciones de las zonas de media y alta montaña del Pirinceo Central por parte de grupos agro-pastorales. En particular, nos vamos a fijar sobre dos practicas economicas relevantes: la caza y el cutlivo de cereales. Nuestro objectivo es entender el rol que estas dos actividades tuvieron dentro del sistema económico de los primeros pobladores neolíticos y como se integraron dentro del sistema. Nuestros resultados sugieren que la caza fue solo marginalmente practicada, mientras que para la agricultura únicamente tenemos evidencias del consumo de cereales, pero por ahora no de su cultivo en zonas de alta y media montaña. Este escenario, nos acerca a comunidades agro-pastorales móviles, que se desplazarón sobre un territorio relivamente amplio para desarollar sus practicas economicas y explotar diferentes recursos.
[EU] Lan honetan, nekazaritako eta artzaintzako taldeek Erdialdeko Pirinioetako erdi mailako mendietan eta goi-mendietan egindako lehen okupazioei buruz eskuragarri dauden ebidentzien inguruko berrikusketa egingo dugu. Zehatzago esanda, bi jarduera ekonomiko esanguratsutan oinarrituko gara: ehiza eta zerealen laborantza. Gure helburua bi jarduera horiek Neolitikoko lehen biztanleen sistema ekonomikoaren baitan izan zuten rola eta sistema baitan nola txertatu ziren ulertzea da. Gure emaitzen arabera, ehiza oso gutxi egin zuten; aldiz, nekazaritzarekin lotuta, zerealen kontsumoaren inguruko ebidentziak bakarrik ditugu, baina oraingoz ez dugu erdi mailako mendiko eta goi-mendiko eremuetan halakoak egin izanaren inguruko zantzurik. Testuinguru hori ikusita, nekazaritza eta artzaintzako komunitate mugigarriak izan zirela esan dezakegu. Nahiko zabala zen lurraldean mugitzen ziren beren jarduera ekonomikoak garatzeko eta baliabide ugariak ustiatzeko.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.21630/maa.2016.67.mis09
http://www.aranzadi.eus/fileadmin/docs/Munibe/maa.2016.67.mis09.pdf
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/145811
DOI10.21630/maa.2016.67.mis09
Identificadoresdoi: 10.21630/maa.2016.67.mis09
issn: 1132-2217
e-issn: 2172-4555
Aparece en las colecciones: (IMF) Artículos
Ficheros en este ítem:
Fichero Descripción Tamaño Formato  
Mazucco-2016-Ocupaciones de montaña en el marco de los primeros.pdf275,34 kBAdobe PDFVista previa
Visualizar/Abrir
Mostrar el registro completo
 


NOTA: Los ítems de Digital.CSIC están protegidos por copyright, con todos los derechos reservados, a menos que se indique lo contrario.