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Title

Updating control of puberty in male European sea bass: A holistic approach

AuthorsCarrillo, Manuel ; Espigares, F. ; Felip, Alicia ; Escobar, Sebastián ; Molés, Gregorio ; Rodríguez, Rafael ; Alvarado, M. V. ; Gómez, Ana ; Zanuy, Silvia
KeywordsPhotolabile period
Puberty
Kisspeptins
Critical size
Daily-seasonal rhythms
European sea bass
Issue Date15-Sep-2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 221: 42-53 (2015)
AbstractPuberty is the process by which an immature animal acquires the ability to reproduce for the first time; its onset occurs soon after sexual differentiation and is characterized by the beginning of gametogenesis in both sexes. Here we present new insights on when and how the onset of puberty occurs in male European sea bass, its dependence on reaching a critical size, and how it can be controlled by photoperiod, revealing the existence of a photolabile period with important applications in aquaculture. Regarding size, apparently only European sea bass above a certain size threshold attain the ability to carry out gametogenesis during their first year of life, while their smaller counterparts fail to do so. This could imply that fish need to achieve an optimal threshold of hormone production, particularly from the kisspeptin/Gnrh/Gth systems, in order to initiate and conclude puberty. However, a long-term restricted feeding regime during the second year of life did not prevent the onset of puberty, thus suggesting that the fish are able to maintain the reproductive function, even at the expense of other functions. Finally, the study of daily hormonal rhythms under different photoperiod regimes revealed the equivalence between their core values and those of seasonal rhythms, in such a way that the daily rhythms could be considered as the functional units of the seasonal rhythms.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2015.06.019
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/144490
DOI10.1016/j.ygcen.2015.06.019
Identifiersissn: 1095-6840
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