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Biological interactions in enclosed plankton communities including Alexandrium catenella and copepods: Role of phosphorus

AutorEstrada, Marta ; Sala, M. Montserrat ; Lenning, K. van ; Alcaraz, Miquel ; Felipe, Jordi; Veldhuis, M.J.W.
Palabras claveAlexandrium catenella
Harmful algal blooms
NW Mediterranean
Fecha de publicación2008
ResumenA microcosm approach was used to test whether: a) growth under unbalanced nutrient conditions (varying N:P ratios) affected the susceptibility of a phytoplankton community including the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella (a paralytic shellfish toxin producer) to mesozooplankton grazing, and b) the potential effects of unbalanced nutrient conditions were mediated by changes in toxicity of A. catenella or by other mechanisms. The experimental setup consisted of fifteen 30 l microcosms, filled with water from the Barcelona Harbour and subjected to treatments combining nutrient inputs at three different N:P ratios (Redfield N:P ratio or nutrient-balanced, high N:P and low N:P), addition or omission of A. catenella (an estimated initial concentration of 38 A. catenella cells ml− 1, a value typical for blooms in harbours of the Catalan coast), and selective addition of a cultured population of Acartia grani. P sufficiency had a strong positive effect on the growth of A. grani, both with or without A. catenella addition, presumably due to enhanced food quality of the prey community. The presence of this copepod resulted in lower concentrations of ciliates, A. catenella, and other dinoflagellates, suggesting active grazing by the copepods. No noxious effects of A. catenella on the copepods were detected at the relatively low cell concentrations of that dinoflagellate used in the experiment.
Descripción11 pages, 2 tables, 5 figures
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2007.10.017
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