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Title

Ancient gene flow from early modern humans into Eastern Neanderthals

AuthorsKuhlwilm, Martin; Rosas, Antonio ; Prado-Martinez, Javier ; Lalueza-Fox, Carles ; Marqués-Bonet, Tomàs
KeywordsEvolutionary genetics
Evolutionary biology
Anthropology
Genetic variation
Issue Date25-Feb-2016
PublisherNature Publishing Group
CitationNature 530: 429-433 (2016)
AbstractIt has been shown that Neanderthals contributed genetically to modern humans outside Africa 47,000-65,000 years ago. Here we analyse the genomes of a Neanderthal and a Denisovan from the Altai Mountains in Siberia together with the sequences of chromosome 21 of two Neanderthals from Spain and Croatia. We find that a population that diverged early from other modern humans in Africa contributed genetically to the ancestors of Neanderthals from the Altai Mountains roughly 100,000 years ago. By contrast, we do not detect such a genetic contribution in the Denisovan or the two European Neanderthals. We conclude that in addition to later interbreeding events, the ancestors of Neanderthals from the Altai Mountains and early modern humans met and interbred, possibly in the Near East, many thousands of years earlier than previously thought.
DescriptionKuhlwilm, M. et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1038/nature16544
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/143930
DOI10.1038/nature16544
Identifiersissn: 1476-4687
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