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Mechanisms of ultrafine-grained austenite formation under different isochronal conditions in a cold-rolled metastable stainless steel

AutorCelada, Carola de; Huang, B. M.; Aranda, M. M.; Yang, J. R.; San-Martín, D.
Palabras clavePhase transformations
Reversion mechanisms
Ultrafine-grained structures
Continuous heating
Metastable austenitic stainless steel
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónMaterials Characterization 118: 129-141 (2016)
ResumenThe primary objective of this work is to obtain fundamental insights on phase transformations, with focus on the reaustenitization process (¿¿¿¿ transformation), of a cold-rolled (CR) semi-austenitic metastable stainless steel upon different isochronal conditions (0.1, 1, 10 and 100 °C/s). For this purpose, an exhaustive microstructural characterization has been performed by using complementary experimental such as scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), micro-hardness Vickers and magnetization measurements. It has been detected that all microstructural changes shift to higher temperatures as the heating rate increases. The reaustenitization occurs in two-steps for all heating rates, which is attributed to the chemical banding present in the CR state. The ¿¿¿¿ transformation is controlled by the migration of substitutional alloying elements across the austenite/martensite (¿/¿¿) interface, which finally leads to ultrafine-grained reaustenitized microstructures (440¿280 nm). The morphology of the martensite phase in the CR state has been found to be the responsible for such a grain refinement, along with the presence of ¿-phase and nanometric Ni3(Ti,Al) precipitates that pin the austenite grain growth, especially upon slowly heating at 0.1 °C/s.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.matchar.2016.05.014
issn: 1044-5803
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