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Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling fatty acid composition in olive

AuthorsHernández, M. Luisa ; Belaj, Angjelina; Sicardo, M. Dolores ; León, Lorenzo; Rosa, Raúl de la; Martín, Antonio ; Martínez-Rivas, José Manuel ; Atienza, Sergio G.
KeywordsOlea europaea L.
Olive oil
Oleic acid
Issue DateJan-2017
CitationEuphytica 213: 7 (2017)
AbstractFatty acids are the main components of the olive oil and their composition has a critical influence on the oil quality. However, oil quality evaluation has not been frequently included in the selection of new bred cultivars. This can be due to the difficulties in analyzing oil quality in large set of genotypes and also to the long juvenile period of olive seedlings. Therefore, the identification of molecular markers associated to olive oil quality traits could facilitate their selection in breeding programs of this species. In the present work, the identification of the first QTLs for fatty acids on olive oil is reported. They have been located in a linkage map of a ‘Picual’ × ‘Arbequina’ progeny of the olive breeding program of Córdoba. Correlations among fatty acids are in agreement with previous reports of breeding progenies. QTLs found for oleic and linoleic acids explained 41.1 and 69.7% of the total variability, respectively, and were co-localized in the same linkage groups. In the same region, QTLs for monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and oleic/linoleic ratio were also identified. In other linkage groups, three QTLs for linolenic and one for palmitoleic acid were also located explaining 15.0–28.0% of the total variability. These results could be useful to increase the efficiency of breeding programs aimed at selecting new cultivars with high oleic acid content, and, therefore, with enhanced nutritional properties and oxidative stability of the olive oil.
Description22 Páginas; 3 Tablas; 2 Figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-016-1802-3
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