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Bobcat (Lynx rufus) breeding in captivity: the importance of environmental enrichment

AutorMollá, María I.; Quevedo, Miguel A.; Castro, Francisca
Fecha de publicación2011
EditorTaylor & Francis
CitaciónJournal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 14(2): 85-95 (2011)
ResumenEnvironmental enrichment is an improvement in the biological functioning of nonhuman animals in captivity resulting from modifications to their environment; however, specifying appropriate and practical measures of enrichment is problematic. This study analyzes the behavior of 4 bobcats (Lynx rufus) in the Jerez Zoo before and after the application of a global program of environmental enrichment that included (a) changes in the size and complexity of their installations, (b) the introduction of new objects into compounds, (c) changes in diet, and (d) modifications in the grouping of animals. A factorial correspondence analysis showed a highly significant relationship among individual animals, behavior, and experimental design. Behaviors such as locomotion, repeated pacing, vigilance, and grooming more often occurred before enrichment, whereas exploratory and food behaviors were more often associated with the enrichment phase. After the implementation of the enrichment program, the bobcats bred successfully for the first time since their arrival in the zoo.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/143654
DOI10.1080/10888705.2011.551619
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1080/10888705.2011.551619
issn: 1088-8705
e-issn: 1532-7604
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