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Alterations in vitamin A and E levels in liver and testis of wild ungulates from a lead mining area

AutorRodríguez-Estival, Jaime ; Taggart, Mark A. ; Mateo, Rafael
Fecha de publicación2011
CitaciónArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60(2): 361-371 (2011)
ResumenIn animals, exposure to metal pollution can induce oxidative stress via several mechanisms. This stress might then cause adverse effects on functions such as male reproductive capacity. Antioxidant vitamins A and E play an important role in maintaining organism functions under stressed conditions. This study assessed the effect of different metals and metalloids on levels of vitamins A and E in livers and testis (n = 67 and 36) of red deer and in livers (n = 22) of wild boar. The study compared animals residing within and outside a polluted mining area. Red deer from mined areas showed significant reductions in liver retinyl docosahexaenoate and retinyl docosapentaenoate. Free retinol, α-tocopherol, and retinyl palmitate in the testis were also lower. This might indicate that increased internal usage of these antioxidants is occurring as deer try to maintain the integrity and function of reproductive tissue. Wild boar from mined areas also showed significant reductions in liver retinyl stearate but increased free retinol levels. This might suggest that vitamin A is being mobilized to a greater degree to cope with the induced oxidative stress caused by exposure to metal pollution. Additionally, a significant negative relationship between liver α-tocopherol and bone lead (Pb) in boar might indicate some long-term effects of Pb on antioxidant levels. Results suggest that vitamin A and E status can be altered as a consequence of exposure to Pb pollution and that complex differences in this response probably exist between species.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s00244-010-9597-z
issn: 0090-4341
e-issn: 1432-0703
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