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No evidence that wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) on the Iberian Peninsula are a reservoir of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection

AutorCarta, Tania ; Martín-Hernando, Mari Paz ; Boadella, Mariana ; Fernández de Mera, Isabel G.; Balseiro, Ana; Sevilla, Iker A.; Vicente, Joaquín ; Maio, Elisa; Vieira-Pinto, Madalena; Álvarez, Julio ; Pérez de Lastra, José Manuel ; Garrido, Joseba M.; Gortázar, Christian
Palabras claveWildlife
Red deer (Cervus elaphus)
Disease surveillance
Johne’s disease
Paratuberculosis
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorElsevier
CitaciónVeterinary Journal 192(3): 544-546 (2012)
ResumenThe potential role of red deer (Cervus elaphus) as a reservoir of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection is largely unknown. A total of 332 wild red deer were investigated using post-mortem examination, bacteriology and serology. Only three animals (1.12%) were found to have lesions on histopathological examination and no MAP bacteria were recovered on culture. The results suggest it is unlikely that wild red deer make a significant contribution to the maintenance of MAP infection in the region. The cross-reactivity of the ELISAs used indicates this diagnostic modality is ineffective in the detection of MAP infection in this species. The implications of these results for the control of this important pathogen in both livestock and wildlife are discussed.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/143479
DOI10.1016/j.tvjl.2011.08.010
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2011.08.010
issn: 1090-0233
e-issn: 1532-2971
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