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Mycobacterium bovis: A model pathogen at the interface of livestock, wildlife, and humans

AutorPalmer, Mitchell V.; Thacker, Tyler C.; Waters, W. Ray; Gortázar, Christian ; Corner, Leigh A. L.
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitaciónVeterinary Medicine International: 236205 (2012)
ResumenComplex and dynamic interactions involving domestic animals, wildlife, and humans create environments favorable to the emergence of new diseases, or reemergence of diseases in new host species. Today, reservoirs of Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of tuberculosis in animals, and sometimes humans, exist in a range of countries and wild animal populations. Free-ranging populations of white-tailed deer in the US, brushtail possum in New Zealand, badger in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, and wild boar in Spain exemplify established reservoirs of M. bovis. Establishment of these reservoirs is the result of factors such as spillover from livestock, translocation of wildlife, supplemental feeding of wildlife, and wildlife population densities beyond normal habitat carrying capacities. As many countries attempt to eradicate M. bovis from livestock, efforts are impeded by spillback from wildlife reservoirs. It will not be possible to eradicate this important zoonosis from livestock unless transmission between wildlife and domestic animals is halted. Such an endeavor will require a collaborative effort between agricultural, wildlife, environmental, and political interests.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1155/2012/236205
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/143472
DOI10.1155/2012/236205
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1155/2012/236205
e-issn: 2042-0048
issn: 2090-8113
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