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Characterization and validation of a-Si magnetron-sputtered thin films as solid He targets with high stability for nuclear reactions

AuthorsGodinho, V. ; Ferrer, F. J. ; Fernández-Martínez, B. ; Caballero-Hernández, J. ; Gómez-Camacho, Joaquín ; Fernández-Camacho, A.
KeywordsMaterials processing
Nuclear properties
Thin films
Issue Date14-Dec-2016
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS Omega 1(6): 1229–1238 (2016)
AbstractIn this work, we present our magnetron sputtering based methodology to produce amorphous silicon coatings with closed porosity, as a strategy to fabricate solid helium targets, in the form of supported or self-supported thin films, for nuclear reactions. We show how by changing the He working pressure it is possible to obtain highly porous homogeneous structures incorporating different He amounts. These porous coatings (a-Si:He) are very reproducible from run to run, and the high He amount incorporated makes them excellent candidates for solid He targets. The possibility of producing self-supported films is illustrated here, and its potential use in inverse kinematics experiments with radioactive beams is shown through the dispersion in forward geometry of a stable 6Li beam. Also the elastic scattering cross-sections for proton from helium were determined using an a-Si:He coating. The results agree well with the ones reported in the literature. These two examples validate our coatings as good candidates to be used as solid He targets in nuclear reactions. The stability of He inside the coatings, fundamental for its use as solid He targets, was investigated, both over time and after irradiation. The coatings proved to be very stable, and the amount of He inside the pores remains unaltered at least 2 years after deposition and after high irradiation fluence (5 × 1017 particles/cm2; with a dose rate of 5 × 1012 particles/(cm2 s)).
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.6b00270
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
(CNA) Artículos
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