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Post-synthetic anisotropic wet-chemical etching of colloidal sodalite ZIF crystals

AuthorsAvci-Camur, Civan ; Carné-Sánchez, Arnau ; Guillerm, Vincent ; Carbonell, Carlos ; Imaz, Inhar ; Maspoch, Daniel
KeywordsAnisotropic etching
Hollow particles
Metal–organic frameworks
Zeolitic–imidazolate frameworks
Issue Date2015
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationAngewandte Chemie International Edition 54(48): 14417-14421 (2015)
AbstractControlling the shape of metal–organic framework (MOF) crystals is important for understanding their crystallization and useful for myriad applications. However, despite the many advances in shaping of inorganic nanoparticles, post-synthetic shape control of MOFs and, in general, molecular crystals remains embryonic. Herein, we report using a simple wet-chemistry process at room temperature to control the anisotropic etching of colloidal ZIF-8 and ZIF-67 crystals. Our work enables uniform reshaping of these porous materials into unprecedented morphologies, including cubic and tetrahedral crystals, and even hollow boxes, by an acid–base reaction and subsequent sequestration of leached metal ions. Etching tests on these ZIFs reveal that etching occurs preferentially in the crystallographic directions richer in metal–ligand bonds; that, along these directions, the etching rate tends to be faster on the crystal surfaces of higher dimensionality; and that the etching can be modulated by adjusting the pH of the etchant solution.
DescriptionPMCID: PMC5134325.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201507588
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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