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Food Processing Antioxidants

AutorHidalgo, Francisco J. ; Zamora, Rosario
Palabras claveAdvanced glycation endproducts
Advanced lipoxidation endproducts
Carbohydrate-derived reactive carbonyls
Carbonyl-amine reactions
Carbonyl-phenol reactions;
Free radical scavengers
Lipid oxidation
Lipid-derived reactive carbonyls
Maillard reaction
Fecha de publicación30-nov-2016
CitaciónAdvances in Food and Nutrition Research (2017)
ResumenFood processing has been carried out since ancient times as a way to preserve and improve food nutritional and organoleptic properties. Although it has some undesirable consequences, such as the losses of some nutrients and the potential formation of toxic compounds, a wide range of benefits can be enumerated. Among them, the increased total antioxidant capacity of many processed foods has been known for long. This consequence has been related to both the release or increased availability of natural antioxidants and the de novo formation of substances with antioxidant properties as a consequence of the produced reactions. This review analyzes the chemical changes produced in foods during processing with special emphasis on the formation of antioxidants as a consequence of carbonyl-amine reactions produced by both carbohydrate- and lipid-derived reactive carbonyls. It discusses the lastest advances produced in the characterization of carbonyl-amine adducts and their potential action as primary (free radical scavengers), secondary (chelating and other ways to prevent lipid oxidation), and tertiary (carbonyl scavengers as a way to avoid lipid oxidation consequences) antioxidants. Moreover, the possibility of combining amino compounds with different hydrophobicity, such as aminophospholipids and proteins, with a wide array of reactive carbonyls points out to the use of carbonyl-amine reactions as a new way to induce the formation of a great variety of substances with antioxidant properties and very variable hydrophilia/lipophilia. All presented results point out to carbonyl-amine reactions as an effective method to generate efficacious antioxidants that can be used in food technology.
Descripción34 Páginas; 11 Figuras
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.afnr.2016.10.002
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