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Effect of nanostructure on the supercapacitor performance of activated carbon xerogels obtained from hydrothermally carbonized glucose-graphene oxide hybrids

AutorEnterría González, Marina ; Martín Jimeno, Francisco Julián ; Suárez García, Fabián ; Paredes Nachón, Juan Ignacio ; Pereira, M.F.R.; Martins, J.I.; Martínez Alonso, Amelia ; Díez Tascón, Juan Manuel ; Figueiredo, J.L.
Fecha de publicación30-abr-2016
CitaciónCarbon 105: 474-483 (2016)
ResumenActivated carbon xerogels with a cellular morphology were obtained from hydrothermally carbonized glucose-graphene oxide (GO) hybrids and tested as supercapacitor electrodes. The effect of the chemical activation (using KOH) on the nanometer-scale morphology, local structure, porous texture and surface chemistry of the resulting carbon materials was investigated and correlated with their electrochemical behaviour. The electrochemical performance of the activated xerogels was studied in a three-electrode cell using 1 M H2SO4 as the electrolyte. The results underlined the relevant role played by the xerogel nanomorphology; more specifically, xerogels with cellular structures exhibiting well-connected, continuous and very thin (∼5–15 nm) carbon walls (prepared with lower amounts of activating agent) favored ionic diffusion and electronic conduction compared to materials with broken, thicker walls (obtained from higher amounts of activating agent). The effect of nanomorphology and local structure was also made apparent when the xerogels were used as actual supercapacitor electrodes. Particularly, a symmetric capacitor assembled from a carbon xerogel with very thin walls and relatively high graphitic character delivered a much higher specific capacitance than that of a commercial activated carbon (223 vs 153 F g−1 at 100 mA g−1) as well as a significantly improved retention of capacitance at high current densities.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2016.04.071
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