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Título

Interaction of the tick immune system with transmitted pathogens

AutorHajdušek, Ondřej; Šíma, Radek; Ayllón, Nieves ; Jalovecká, Marie; Perner, Jan; Fuente, José de la ; Kopáček, Petr
Palabras claveTick
Tick-borne diseases
Innate immunity
Phagocytosis
Antimicrobial peptides
Borrelia
Anaplasma
Babesia
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorFrontiers Media
CitaciónFrontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 3: 26 (2013)
ResumenTicks are hematophagous arachnids transmitting a wide variety of pathogens including viruses, bacteria, and protozoans to their vertebrate hosts. The tick vector competence has to be intimately linked to the ability of transmitted pathogens to evade tick defense mechanisms encountered on their route through the tick body comprising midgut, hemolymph, salivary glands or ovaries. Tick innate immunity is, like in other invertebrates, based on an orchestrated action of humoral and cellular immune responses. The direct antimicrobial defense in ticks is accomplished by a variety of small molecules such as defensins, lysozymes or by tick-specific antimicrobial compounds such as microplusin/hebraein or 5.3-kDa family proteins. Phagocytosis of the invading microbes by tick hemocytes is likely mediated by the primordial complement-like system composed of thioester-containing proteins, fibrinogen-related lectins and convertase-like factors. Moreover, an important role in survival of the ingested microbes seems to be played by host proteins and redox balance maintenance in the tick midgut. Here, we summarize recent knowledge about the major components of tick immune system and focus on their interaction with the relevant tick-transmitted pathogens, represented by spirochetes (Borrelia), rickettsiae (Anaplasma), and protozoans (Babesia). Availability of the tick genomic database and feasibility of functional genomics based on RNA interference greatly contribute to the understanding of molecular and cellular interplay at the tick-pathogen interface and may provide new targets for blocking the transmission of tick pathogens.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2013.00026
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/142803
DOI10.3389/fcimb.2013.00026
E-ISSN2235-2988
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