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Title

Different metabolic features 1 of Bacteroides fragilis growing in the presence of glucose and exopolysaccharides of bifidobacteria

AuthorsRios-Covián, David ; Sánchez García, Borja ; Salazar, Nuria ; Martínez Álvarez, Noelia ; Redruello, Begoña ; Gueimonde Fernández, Miguel ; González de los Reyes-Gavilán, Clara
KeywordsBifidobacterium
Probiotics
Metabolism
Glucose
Exopolysaccharides
Bacteroides fragilis
Issue Date18-Aug-2015
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Microbiology 6 (2015)
AbstractBacteroides is among the most abundant microorganism inhabiting the human intestine. They are saccharolytic bacteria able to use dietary or host-derived glycans as energy sources. Some Bacteroides fragilis strains contribute to the maturation of the immune system but it is also an opportunistic pathogen. The intestine is the habitat of most Bifidobacterium species, some of whose strains are considered probiotics. Bifidobacteria can synthesize exopolysaccharides (EPS), which are complex carbohydrates that may be available in the intestinal environment. We studied the metabolism of B. fragilis when an EPS preparation from bifidobacteria was added to the growth medium compared to its behavior with added glucose. 2D-DIGE coupled with the identification by MALDI-TOF/TOF evidenced proteins that were differentially produced when EPS was added. The results were supported by RT qPCR gene expression analysis. The intracellular and extracellular pattern of certain amino acids, the redox balance and the a-glucosidase activity were differently affected in EPS with respect to glucose. These results allowed us to hypothesize that three general main events, namely the activation of amino acids catabolism, enhancement of the transketolase reaction from the pentose-phosphate cycle, and activation of the succinate-propionate pathway, promote a shift of bacterial metabolism rendering more reducing power and optimizing the energetic yield in the form of ATP when Bacteroides grow with added EPS. Our results expand the knowledge about the capacity of B. fragilis for adapting to complex carbohydrates and amino acids present in the intestinal environment. © 2015 Rios-covian, Sanchez, Salazar, Martinez, Redruello, Gueimonde and De los Reyes-Gavilan.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00825
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/142766
DOI10.3389/fmicb.2015.00825
Identifiersissn: 1664-302X
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