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Título

A transversal study on antibodies against selected pathogens in dromedary camels in the Canary Islands, Spain

AutorMentaberre, Gregorio; González-Barrio, David ; Cabezón, Óscar; Fuente, José de la ; Gortázar, Christian ; Boadella, Mariana
Palabras claveDromedary camel
Virus
Serosurvey
Parasite
Bacteria
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorElsevier
CitaciónVeterinary Microbiology 167(3-4): 468-473 (2013)
ResumenThe Canary Islands contain the most important dromedary camel ( Camelus dromedarius) population in the European Union and are the main export point of dromedaries to continental Europe and Latin America. We investigated the presence of antibodies against relevant disease agents in 100 Canarian camel sera. Selected blood samples of the same animals were also tested by PCR. Sera were tested for antibodies against Bluetongue virus (BTV; 0%), Bovine Viral Diarrhoea virus (BVDV; 0%), Camelpox virus (CPV; 8% by serum neutralization, 16% by ELISA), Peste des Petits Ruminants virus (PPRV, 0%), Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV; 0%) and West Nile Fever virus (WNV; 3%), the bacterial pathogens Anaplasma sp. (3%), Brucella sp. (1%), Coxiella burnetii (19%), Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP; 22%), Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC; 10%) and Rickettsia sp. (83%), and the parasites Toxoplasma gondii (36%) and Neospora caninum (86%). The most remarkable findings were the detection of antibodies against CPV and the high antibody prevalence against C. burnetii, Rickettsia sp., T. gondii and N. caninum. By PCR, we found no C. burnetii, N. caninum and Anaplasma sp. DNA in the tested samples. However, Rickettsia sp. DNA was detected in six antibody positive tested samples. These results should be taken into consideration in order to implement adequate control measures and avoid a potential dissemination of infections to other territories.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/142638
DOI10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.07.029
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.07.029
issn: 0378-1135
e-issn: 1873-2542
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