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Association of levels of antibodies from patients with inflammatory bowel disease with extracellular proteins of food and probiotic bacteria

AuthorsHevia, Arancha CSIC; López, Patricia CSIC ORCID; Suárez, Ana; Jacquot, Claudine; Urdaci, María C.; Margolles Barros, Abelardo CSIC ORCID; Sánchez García, Borja CSIC ORCID
Issue Date4-Jun-2014
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitationBioMed Research International 2014: 351204 (2014)
AbstractInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and is related to an abnormal immune response to commensal bacteria. Our aim of the present work has been to explore the levels of antibodies (IgG and IgA) raised against extracellular proteins produced by LAB and its association with IBD. We analyzed, by Western-blot and ELISA, the presence of serum antibodies (IgA and IgG) developed against extracellular protein fractions produced by different food bacteria from the genera Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. We used a sera collection consisting of healthy individuals (HC, n=50), Crohn's disease patients (CD, n=37), and ulcerative colitis patients (UC, n=15). Levels of IgA antibodies developed against a cell-wall hydrolase from Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus GG (CWH) were significantly higher in the IBD group (P<0.002; n=52). The specificity of our measurements was confirmed by measuring IgA antibodies developed against the CWH peptide 365-VNTSNQTAAVSAS- 377. IBD patients appeared to have different immune response to food bacteria. This paper sets the basis for developing systems for early detection of IBD, based on the association of high levels of antibodies developed against extracellular proteins from food and probiotic bacteria. © 2014 Arancha Hevia et al.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/351204
Identifiersissn: 2314-6141
Appears in Collections:(IPLA) Artículos
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