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Modification of Monolignol Biosynthetic Pathway in Jute: Different Gene, Different Consequence

AutorShafrin, Farhana; Rencoret, Jorge ; Gutiérrez Suárez, Ana ; Río Andrade, José Carlos del ; Khan, Haseena
Fecha de publicación4-ene-2017
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónScientific Reports 7, 39984 (2017)
ResumenLignin, a cross-linked macromolecule of hydrophobic aromatic structure, provides additional rigidity to a plant cell wall. Although it is an integral part of the plant cell, presence of lignin considerably reduces the quality of the fiber of fiber-yielding plants. Decreasing lignin in such plants holds significant commercial and environmental potential. This study aimed at reducing the lignin content in jute-a fiber crop, by introducing hpRNA-based vectors for downregulation of two monolignoid biosynthetic genes- cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H) and caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT). Transgenic generations, analyzed through Southern, RT-PCR and northern assays showed downregulation of the selected genes. Transgenic lines exhibited reduced level of gene expression with ~ 16–25% reduction in acid insoluble lignin for the whole stem and ~13–14% reduction in fiber lignin content compared to the control lines. Among the two transgenic plant types one exhibited an increase in cellulose content and concomitant improvement of glucose release. Composition of the lignin building blocks was found to alter and this alteration resulted in a pattern, different from other plants where the same genes were manipulated. It is expected that successful COMT-hpRNA and C4H-hpRNA transgenesis in jute will have far-reaching commercial implications leading to product diversification and value addition.
Descripción12 páginas.-- 5 figuras.-- 2 tablas.-- 65 referencias.-- Supplementary information.-- Farhana Shafrin et al... Scientific Reports 7, 39984 (2017)
Versión del editorhttp://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep39984
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