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Holocene environmental changes of Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) from stable isotopes (δ13C, δ18O) and trace element records of ostracod and gastropod carbonates

AutorAnadón, Pere ; Moscariello, A.; Rodríguez-Lázaro, Julio; Filippi, M.L.
Palabras claveHolocene
Trace-element Geochemistry
Stable isotopes
Lake Geneva
Fecha de publicación2006
EditorKluwer Academic Publishers
CitaciónJournal of Paleolimnology 35: 593- 616 (2006)
ResumenStable isotopes and trace-element contents of ostracod (Candona neglecta) valves mostly from the Holocene portion of two assembled cores from Petit Lac (Lake Geneva, Switzerland-France) were analysed in order to depict the geochemical record of post-glacial environmental changes of this lake. Additional stable isotope and trace element data from the gastropod Bithynia tentaculata (shells and opercula) from some intervals of these cores, as well as previous data from bulk carbonate from the lower part of the studied intervals were also considered. Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca molar ratios for the Holocene lake water have been estimated from evaluations of the partitioning coefficients for Mg and Sr for C. neglecta and B. tentaculata taking into account the modern-lake water composition. This study shows an overall gentle trend to higher δ18O values in C. neglecta valves from the Boreal interval (mean -8.44‰) to the upper part of the core (mean -8.11‰). This trend is superimposed to higher frequency oscillations of stable isotope values and trace element ratios, especially through the upper Older Atlantic and the Subboreal. The overall isotopic oxygen trend includes several shifts in δ18O of about 1‰. These shifts are interpreted as major regional-global climate changes that have also been observed in other coeval δ18O and pollen records which reflect the Holocene climate variability in other European basins. Especially well-defined peaks in some episodes like Older Atlantic (∼8200 yr BP), Younger Atlantic - Subboreal transition (∼5600 yr BP) and early Subatlantic (∼ 2500 yr BP) correspond to well-recognized events in globally-distributed records. Some of these shifts are correlated with pulses in the lake-level curve of the Lake Geneva. © Springer 2006.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s10933-005-4009-5
issn: 0921-2728
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