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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Exhibits Lineage-Specific Variations Affecting Protein Ductility and Epitope Recognition

AutorYruela Guerrero, Inmaculada ; Contreras-Moreira, Bruno ; Magalhães, Carlos; Osório, Nuno S.; Gonzalo-Asensio, Jesús
Palabras claveMycobacterium
coding sequences
epitope polymorphisms
epitope-HLA binding
protein ductility
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorOxford University Press
CitaciónYruela I, Contreras-Moreira B, Magalhães C, Osório NS, Gonzalo-Asensio J. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Exhibits Lineage-Specific Variations Affecting Protein Ductility and Epitope Recognition. Genome Biology and Evolution 8 (12): 3751–3764 (2016)
ResumenThe advent of whole-genome sequencing has provided an unprecedented detail about the evolution and genetic significance of species-specific variations across the whole Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex. However, little attention has been focused on understanding the functional roles of these variations in the protein coding sequences. In this work, we compare the coding sequences from 74 sequenced mycobacterial species including M. africanum, M. bovis, M. canettii, M. caprae, M. orygis, and M. tuberculosis. Results show that albeit protein variations affect all functional classes, those proteins involved in lipid and intermediary metabolism and respiration have accumulated mutations during evolution. To understand the impact of these mutations on protein functionality, we explored their implications on protein ductility/disorder, a yet unexplored feature of mycobacterial proteomes. In agreement with previous studies, we found that a Gly71Ile substitution in the PhoPR virulence system severely affects the ductility of its nearby region in M. africanum and animal-adapted species. In the same line of evidence, the SmtB transcriptional regulator shows amino acid variations specific to the Beijing lineage, which affects the flexibility of the N-terminal trans-activation domain. Furthermore, despite the fact that MTBC epitopes are evolutionary hyperconserved, we identify strain- and lineage-specific amino acid mutations affecting previously known T-cell epitopes such as EsxH and FbpA (Ag85A). Interestingly, in silico studies reveal that these variations result in differential interaction of epitopes with the main HLA haplogroups.
Descripción1 .pdf file of 46 Pags. with text and 7 Figs. and 5 .pdfs files of Supplementary Tables. The definitve version is available at: http://gbe.oxfordjournals.org/
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evw279
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