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A palaeoeconomic perspective on the Early Neolithic lithic assemblages of the N–NE of the Iberian Peninsula

AutorMazzucco, Niccolò ; Gibaja, Juan Francisco
Palabras claveUse-wear analysis
Lithic tools
Subsistence system
Iberian Peninsula
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónQuaternary International : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.05.012 (2016)
ResumenThe reconstruction of the economy of an archaeological site is a matter of major importance within prehistoric research. In this paper, this issue is tackled from the perspective of the Traceological, or Use-Wear, analysis, showing how the lithic record can be used to approach a palaeoeconomic approximation. The principles, perspectives and limits of such method are detailed discussed into the text. As a case-study, a sample of Early Neolithic sites of the N–NE of the Iberian Peninsula has been considered, all of them ranging between the mid-Sixth and mid-Fifth millennium cal BC. As result of the analysis, sites with different status have been identified; more stable and larger settlements have been differentiated from temporary and more specialized occupations on the basis of the economic process inferred through the microscopic observation. Several subsistence and craft processes, such as wood and plant crafting tasks or hide working activities, that otherwise would be difficult to detect in the archaeological record have been highlighted. Obtained results provide fresh data on the Neolithic economic organization, integrating zooarchaeological, archaeobotanical and palaeoenvironmental studies.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.05.012
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