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Molecular evidence for cryptic candidate species in Iberian Pelodytes (Anura, Pelodytidae)

AutorDíaz-Rodríguez, Jesús; Gonçalves, Helena; Sequeira, Fernando; Sousa-Neves, Tiago; Tejedo, Miguel ; Ferrand, Nuno; Martínez-Solano, Íñigo
Palabras claveSpecies delineation
Species trees
Iberian Peninsula
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 83: 224-241 (2015)
ResumenSpecies delineation is a central topic in evolutionary biology, with current efforts focused on developing efficient analytical tools to extract the most information from molecular data and provide objective and repeatable results. In this paper we use a multilocus dataset (mtDNA and two nuclear markers) in a geographically comprehensive population sample across Iberia and Western Europe to delineate candidate species in a morphologically cryptic species group, Parsley frogs (genus Pelodytes). Pelodytes is the sole extant representative of an ancient, historically widely distributed anuran clade that currently includes three species: P. caucasicus in the Caucasus; P. punctatus in Western Europe, from Portugal to North-Western Italy; and P. ibericus in Southern Iberia. Phylogenetic analyses recovered four major well-supported haplotype clades in Western Europe, corresponding to well demarcated geographical subdivisions and exhibiting contrasting demographic histories. Splitting times date back to the Plio-Pleistocene and are very close in time. Species-tree analyses recovered one of these species lineages, corresponding to P. ibericus (lineage B). , as the sister taxon to the other three major species lineages, distributed respectively in: western Iberian Peninsula, along the Atlantic coast and part of central Portugal (lineage A); Central and Eastern Spain (lineage C); and North-eastern Spain, France and North-western Italy (lineage D). The latter is in turn subdivided into two sub-clades, one in SE France and NW Italy and the other one from NE Spain to NW France, suggesting the existence of a Mediterranean-Atlantic corridor along the Garonne river. An information theory-based validation approach implemented in SpedeSTEM supports an arrangement of four candidate species, suggesting the need for a taxonomic revision of Western European Pelodytes.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2014.12.007
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.12.007
e-issn: 1095-9513
issn: 1055-7903
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