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Oxidation of CO and methanol on Pd-Ni catalysts supported on different chemically-treated carbon nanofibers

AuthorsCalderón Gómez, Juan Carlos; Ríos Ráfales, Miguel; Nieto-Monge, María Jesús; Pardo, Juan Ignacio; Moliner Álvarez, Rafael; Lázaro Elorri, María Jesús CSIC ORCID
Issue Date18-Oct-2016
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNanomaterials 6(10): 187 (2016)
AbstractIn this work, palladium-nickel nanoparticles supported on carbon nanofibers were synthesized, with metal contents close to 25 wt % and Pd:Ni atomic ratios near to 1:2. These catalysts were previously studied in order to determine their activity toward the oxygen reduction reaction. Before the deposition of metals, the carbon nanofibers were chemically treated in order to generate oxygen and nitrogen groups on their surface. Transmission electron microscopy analysis (TEM) images revealed particle diameters between 3 and 4 nm, overcoming the sizes observed for the nanoparticles supported on carbon black (catalyst Pd-Ni CB 1:2). From the CO oxidation at different temperatures, the activation energy E<sub>act</sub> for this reaction was determined. These values indicated a high tolerance of the catalysts toward the CO poisoning, especially in the case of the catalysts supported on the non-chemically treated carbon nanofibers. On the other hand, apparent activation energy E<sub>ap</sub> for the methanol oxidation was also determined finding—as a rate determining step—the CO<sub>ads</sub> diffusion to the OH<sub>ads</sub> for the catalysts supported on carbon nanofibers. The results here presented showed that the surface functional groups only play a role in the obtaining of lower particle sizes, which is an important factor in the obtaining of low CO oxidation activation energies.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/nano6100187
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