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Title

Phytocystatins: Defense Proteins against Phytophagous Insects and Acari

AuthorsMartínez, Manuel; Santamaría, María Estrella; Díaz-Mendoza, Mercedes CSIC ORCID; Arnáiz, Ana; Carrillo, Laura; Ortego, Félix CSIC ORCID ; Díaz, Isabel
Issue Date20-Oct-2016
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences 17(10): 1747 (2016)
AbstractThis review deals with phytocystatins, focussing on their potential role as defence proteins against phytophagous arthropods. Information about the evolutionary, molecular and biochemical features and inhibitory properties of phytocystatins are presented. Cystatin ability to inhibit heterologous cysteine protease activities is commented on as well as some approaches of tailoring cystatin specificity to enhance their defence function towards pests. A general landscape on the digestive proteases of phytophagous insects and acari and the remarkable plasticity of their digestive physiology after feeding on cystatins are highlighted. Biotechnological approaches to produce recombinant cystatins to be added to artificial diets or to be sprayed as insecticide–acaricide compounds and the of use cystatins as transgenes are discussed. Multiple examples and applications are included to end with some conclusions and future perspectives.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/142124
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms17101747
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/ijms17101747
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