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Título

Specific Gene Loci of Clinical Pseudomonas putida Isolates

AutorMolina Delgado, Lázaro; Udaondo Domínguez, Zulema; Duque Martín de la Oliva, Estrella; Fernández Rodríguez, Matilde; Bernal Guzmán, Patricia; Roca Hernández, Amalia; Torre Zúñiga, Jesús de la; Ramos Marín, Juan Luis
Palabras clavePseudomonas putida
Bacterias paógenas
Virulencia microbiana
Infecciones hospitalarias
Resistencia a los medicamentos
Fecha de publicación28-ene-2016
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE
ResumenPseudomonas putida are ubiquitous inhabitants of soils and clinical isolates of this species have been seldom described. Clinical isolates show significant variability in their ability to cause damage to hosts because some of them are able to modulate the host’s immune response. In the current study, comparisons between the genomes of different clinical and environmental strains of P. putida were done to identify genetic clusters shared by clinical isolates that are not present in environmental isolates. We show that in clinical strains specific genes are mostly present on transposons, and that this set of genes exhibit high identity with genes found in pathogens and opportunistic pathogens. The set of genes prevalent in P. putida clinical isolates, and absent in environmental isolates, are related with survival under oxidative stress conditions, resistance against biocides, amino acid metabolism and toxin/antitoxin (TA) systems. This set of functions have influence in colonization and survival within human tissues, since they avoid host immune response or enhance stress resistance. An in depth bioinformatic analysis was also carried out to identify genetic clusters that are exclusive to each of the clinical isolates and that correlate with phenotypical differences between them, a secretion system type III-like was found in one of these clinical strains, a determinant of pathogenicity in Gram-negative bacteria.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147478
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/141443
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0147478
E-ISSN1932-6203
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