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Characterization of the largest relic Eurasian wild grapevine reservoir in Southern Iberian Peninsula

AuthorsArroyo García, R.; Cantos, Manuel ; Lara, Miguel; López Martínez, Mª Ángeles; Gallardo, Antonio; Ocete, Carlos A.; Pérez Izquierdo, Mª Á.; Bánáti, H.; García Fernández, José Luis ; Ocete Rubio, Rafael
Sanitary status
Ex situ conservation
Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris
Genetic analysis
Issue Date14-Jul-2016
PublisherMinisterio de Ciencia y Tecnología (España)
CitationSpanish Journal of Agricultural Research 14(3): e0708 (2016)
AbstractWild grapevine is becoming a threatened species in the Iberian Peninsula due to human impacts. The aim of this work was to carry out a holistic study for six years of the largest wild grapevine population found up to date in SW Iberian Peninsula. This population has 115 vines. Ampelographic and soil characteristics have been studied. Evaluation of its environment has also been studied by describing the main parasitic species and natural enemies of pests. The ability of this plant material for its micropropagation and storage in slow-growth conditions has been tested. Microvinification resulted in a wine with good acidity and medium color intensity, two interesting characteristics under a warm climatology. Finally, the identification of private alleles in this wild population, absent in other locations from the Northern and Southern Iberian territories, is a very valuable feature and confirms the importance of establishing conservation programs. The population here studied is genetically unique and potentially useful for commercial rootstocks and cultivars breeding that would improve viticulture and enology.
Description12 páginas.-- 1 figura.-- 6 tablas.-- 63 referencias.-- 1 material suplementario
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2016143-8929
Identifiersdoi: 10.5424/sjar/2016143-8929
issn: 1695-971X
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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