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Determinant factors in the production of a co-occluded binary mixture of Helicoverpa armigera Alphabaculovirus (HearNPV) genotypes with desirable insecticidal characteristics

AutorArrizubieta, Maite ; Simón, Oihane ; Williams, Trevor G.; Caballero, Primitivo
Fecha de publicación12-oct-2016
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 11(10): e0164486 (2016)
ResumenA co-occluded binary mixture of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus genotypes HearSP1B and HearLB6 at a 1:1 ratio (HearSP1B+HearLB6) was selected for the development of a virus-based biological insecticide, which requires an efficient large-scale production system. In vivo production systems require optimization studies in each host-virus pathosystem. In the present study, the effects of larval instar, rearing density, timing of inoculation, inoculum concentration and temperature on the production of HearSP1B+HearLB6 in its homologous host were evaluated. The high prevalence of cannibalism in infected larvae (40-87%) indicated that insects require individual rearing to avoid major losses in OB production. The OB production of recently molted fifth instars (7.0 x 10 OBs/larva), combined with a high prevalence of mortality (85.7%), resulted in the highest overall OB yield (6.0 x 10 OBs/100 inoculated larvae), compared to those of third or fourth instars. However, as inoculum concentration did not influence final OB yield, the lowest concentration, LC (5.5 x 10 OBs/ml), was selected. Incubation temperature did not significantly influence OB yield, although larvae maintained at 30°C died 13 and 34 hours earlier than those incubated at 26°C and 23°C, respectively. We conclude that the efficient production of HearSP1B+HearLB6 OBs involves inoculation of recently molted fifth instars with a LC concentration of OBs followed by individual rearing at 30°C.
Versión del editorhttp://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0164486
Identificadoresissn: 1932-6203
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