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Uniqueness of feasible equilibria for mass action law (MAL) kinetic systems

AutorAlonso, Antonio A. ; Szederkényi, Gábor
Palabras claveChemical reaction networks
Kinetic systems
Mass action law
Network deficiency
Feasible equilibrium
Complex balanced equilibrium
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónJournal of Process Control 48: 41-71 (2016)
ResumenThis paper studies the relations among system parameters, uniqueness, and stability of equilibria, for kinetic systems given in the form of polynomial ODEs. Such models are commonly used to describe the dynamics of nonnegative systems, with a wide range of application fields such as chemistry, systems biology, process modeling or even transportation systems. Using a flux-based description of kinetic models, a canonical representation of the set of all possible feasible equilibria is developed. The characterization is made in terms of strictly stable compartmental matrices to define the so-called family of solutions. Feasibility is imposed by a set of constraints, which are linear on a log-transformed space of complexes, and relate to the kernel of a matrix, the columns of which span the stoichiometric subspace. One particularly interesting representation of these constraints can be expressed in terms of a class of monotonous decreasing functions. This allows connections to be established with classical results in CRNT that relate to the existence and uniqueness of equilibria along positive stoichiometric compatibility classes. In particular, monotonicity can be employed to identify regions in the set of possible reaction rate coefficients leading to complex balancing, and to conclude uniqueness of equilibria for a class of positive deficiency networks. The latter result might support constructing an alternative proof of the well-known deficiency one theorem. The developed notions and results are illustrated through examples
Descripción31 páginas, 11 figuras, 1 tabla.-- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jprocont.2016.10.002
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