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Auranofin efficacy against MDR Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus infections

AuthorsAguinagalde, Leire ; Díez-Martínez, Roberto ; Royo, Inmaculada ; Gil Puig, Carmen; Lasa, Íñigo ; García, Pedro ; García, Ernesto ; Sánchez-Puelles, José María
Issue Date2015
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 70(9): 2608-2617 (2015)
Abstract[Background] Auranofin is an FDA-approved, gold-containing compound in clinical use for the oral treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and has been recently granted by the regulatory authorities due to its antiprotozoal properties.
[Methods] A reprofiling strategy was performed with a Streptococcus pneumoniae phenotypic screen and a proprietary library of compounds, consisting of both FDA-approved and unapproved bioactive compounds. Two different multiresistant S. pneumoniae strains were employed in a sepsis mouse model of infection. In addition, an MRSA strain was tested using both the thigh model and a mesh-associated biofilm infection in mice.
[Results] The repurposing approach showed the high potency of auranofin against multiresistant clinical isolates of S. pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in vivo. Efficacy in the S. pneumoniae sepsis model was obtained using auranofin by the oral route in the dose ranges used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Thioglucose replacement by alkyl chains showed that this moiety was not essential for the antibacterial activity and led to the discovery of a new gold derivative (MH05) with remarkable activity in vitro and in vivo.
[Conclusions] Auranofin and the new gold derivative MH05 showed encouraging in vivo activity against multiresistant clinical isolates of S. pneumoniae and S. aureus. The clinical management of auranofin, alone or in combination with other antibiotics, deserves further exploration before use in patients presenting therapeutic failure caused by infections with multiresistant Gram-positive pathogens. Decades of clinical use mean that this compound is safe to use and may accelerate its evaluation in humans.
DescriptionAguinagalde, Leire et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkv163
Identifiersissn: 0305-7453
e-issn: 1460-2091
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