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Title

Crustal Structure across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block (Mexico): TsuJal Project

AuthorsNuñez-Cornu, Francisco; Nuñez, Diana; Córdoba, Diego ; Trejo, Elizabeth; Escalona, Felipe; Dañobeitia, Juan José ; Gutierrez Peña, Quiriart; TSUJAL Working Group
Issue Date18-Dec-2015
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
CitationAGU Fall Meeting 2015: T51D-2915 (2015)
AbstractLocated on the western margin of Mexico, the collision zone between Rivera, Cocos and North American plates is a complex tectonic collage with high seismic hazards and potential tsunamigenic sources. During the spring of 2014, within the framework of TSUJAL project, Spanish and Mexican scientists investigated this region with the main objective of defining the crustal architecture of this active margin and recognizing potential structural sources that can trigger earthquakes and tsunamis at the convergence between Rivera plate-Jalisco block with the North American Plate. To achieve these goals, a wide-ranging of geophysical data was acquired in this region both offshore and onshore. In this paper, we present the preliminary results obtained from this project about bathymetric, structural geology and wide-angle seismic data of the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas. A crustal P-wave velocity model for the southern coast of Bahía de Banderas was obtained using WAS data recorded by OBS and land seismic stations for more than 150 km across Rivera Plate and Jalisco Block. The thickness of the slab in this area is about 10 km and presents a dip angle about 8º. Continental crustal thickness below Puerto Vallarta is about 20 km, no evidence of continental Moho was found in this study. This model support that due to the convergence of Rivera Plate against Jalisco Block, the region of Bahía de Banderas is under strong crustal stresses that generate structural lineaments and have the same trends offshore and inland. Most of the seismicity reported can be associated to the main structural lineaments. The Banderas Canyon apparently is in an opening process from west to east, which seems to continue through the Rio Pitillal river valley. There is no seismic or morphological evidence to consider that the Banderas Canyon is a continuation of Vallarta Graben.South of María Cleofas Island, the SC marks the limit between RP and JB, possibly being the result of the RP against JB push, and where it is established the beginning of current subduction process with seismic activity associated. If a subduction type earthquake occurs in the SC, which is 100 km length, the associated magnitude will be about 7.5 and could be tsunamigenic. In the studied area, no clear subduction features (trench, accretionary prism) are observed
DescriptionAmerican Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, 14-18 December 2015, San Francisco
Publisher version (URL)https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm15/webprogram/Paper65164.html
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/141044
Appears in Collections:(UTM) Comunicaciones congresos
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