English   español  
Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar a este item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/140919
Título

Multilevel Selection and Neighbourhood Effects from Individual to Metapopulation in a Wild Passerine

AutorLaiolo, Paola ; Obeso, José Ramón
Fecha de publicación20-jun-2012
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE, 7(6): e38526 (2012)
ResumenMultilevel selection has rarely been studied in the ecological context of animal populations, in which neighbourhood effects range from competition among territorial neighbours to source-sink effects among local populations. By studying a Dupont’s lark Chersophilus duponti metapopulation, we analyze neighbourhood effects mediated by song repertoires on fitness components at the individual level (life-span) and population level (growth rate). As a sexual/aggressive signal with strong effects on fitness, birdsong creates an opportunity for group selection via neighbour interactions, but may also have population-wide effects by conveying information on habitat suitability to dispersing individuals. Within populations, we found a disruptive pattern of selection at the individual level and an opposite, stabilizing pattern at the group level. Males singing the most complex songs had the longest life-span, but individuals with the poorest repertoires lived longer than ‘average’ males, a finding that likely reflects two male strategies with respect to fitness and sexual trait expression. Individuals from groups with intermediate repertoires had the longest life-span, likely benefitting from conspecific signalling to attract females up to the detrimental spread of competitive interactions in groups with superior vocal skills. Within the metapopulation selection was directional but again followed opposite patterns at the two levels: Populations had the highest growth rate when inhabiting local patches with complex repertoires surrounded by patches with simple repertoires. Here the song may impact metapopulation dynamics by guiding prospecting individuals towards populations advertising habitat quality. Two fitness components linked to viability were therefore influenced by the properties of the group, and birdsong was the target of selection, contributing to linking social/sexual processes at the local scale with regional population dynamics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038526
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/140919
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0038526
ISSN1932-6203
Aparece en las colecciones: (INCAR) Artículos
Ficheros en este ítem:
Fichero Descripción Tamaño Formato  
Multilevel_Laiolo_PLoSONE2012.pdf1,12 MBAdobe PDFVista previa
Visualizar/Abrir
Mostrar el registro completo
 

Artículos relacionados:


NOTA: Los ítems de Digital.CSIC están protegidos por copyright, con todos los derechos reservados, a menos que se indique lo contrario.