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Exploring two-spin internal linear combinations for the recovery of the CMB polarization

AuthorsFernández-Cobos, R. ; Marcos-Caballero, A. ; Vielva, P. ; Martínez-González, Enrique ; Barreiro, R. Belén
KeywordsMethods: data analysis
Cosmic background radiation
Issue Date2016
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 459(1): 441-454 (2016)
AbstractWe present a methodology to recover cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization in which the quantity P = Q + iU is linearly combined at different frequencies using complex coefficients. This is the most general linear combination of the Q and U Stokes parameters which preserves the physical coherence of the residual contribution on the CMB estimation. The approach is applied to the internal linear combination (ILC) and the internal template fitting (ITF) methodologies. The variance of P of the resulting map is minimized to compute the coefficients of the linear combination. One of the key aspects of this procedure is that it serves to account for a global frequency-dependent shift of the polarization phase. Although in the standard case, in which no global E-B transference depending on frequency is expected in the foreground components, minimizing 〈|P|2〉 is similar to minimizing 〈Q2〉 and 〈U2〉 separately (as previous methodologies proceed), multiplying Q and U by different coefficients induces arbitrary changes in the polarization angle and it does not preserve the coherence between the spinorial components. The approach is tested on simulations, obtaining a similar residual level with respect to the one obtained with other implementations of the ILC, and perceiving the polarization rotation of a toy model with the frequency dependence of the Faraday rotation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw670
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/mnras/stw670
e-issn: 1365-2966
issn: 0035-8711
Appears in Collections:(IFCA) Artículos
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