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Dihydrocaffeic acid, a major microbial metabolite of chlorogenic acids, shows similar protective effect than a yerba mate phenolic extract against oxidative stress in HepG2 cells

AutorBaeza, Gema ; Sarriá, Beatriz ; Mateos, Raquel ; Bravo, Laura
Palabras claveYerba mate
Dihydrocaffeic acid
Oxidative stress
Microbial metabolites
Polyphenols
Fecha de publicación2016
EditorElsevier
CitaciónFood Research International 87: 25- 33 (2016)
ResumenThe hepatoprotective effect of a yerba mate phenolic extract (YMPE), rich in chlorogenic acids, and its main circulating metabolites dihydrocaffeic (DHCA) and dihydroferulic (DHFA) acids were assessed in human hepatoma HepG2 cells subjected to oxidative damage induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH). Direct treatment of HepG2 cells with realistic concentrations of YMPE (1, 10 and 50 μg/mL), DHCA or DHFA (0.2, 1, 10 μM) for 20 h was not cytotoxic and significantly decreased ROS generation. Pre-treatment with YMPE and DHCA prevented the cytotoxicity and macromolecular damage induced by t-BOOH. Moreover, decreased levels of reduced glutathione (GSH), and increased ROS levels and antioxidant enzyme activity induced by t-BOOH were dose-dependently recovered. DHFA only showed a slight protection against cell cytotoxicity, lipid oxidation and GSH depletion. In conclusion, YMPE and one of its major microbial metabolites, DHCA, confer significant protection against oxidative damage, adding evidences to the beneficial health effects associated with mate intake.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/140065
DOI10.1016/j.foodres.2016.06.011
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.06.011
issn: 0963-9969
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