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Seahorse aquaculture, biology and conservation: knowledge gaps and research opportunities

AutorCohen, Felipe P. A.; Valenti, Wagner C.; Planas, Miguel ; Calado, R.
Palabras claveBibliometry
Seahorse trade
Sustainable aquaculture
Marine ornamental species
Threatened species
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorTaylor & Francis
CitaciónReviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture 25(1): 100-111 (2017)
ResumenSeahorses are currently experiencing an unprecedented level of anthropogenic pressure promoted by habitat destruction and increasing fishing effort to supply premium markets. This study provides an overview of the scientific literature on seahorses in the 21st century and critically discusses five major knowledge gaps and research opportunities to advance the state of the art on this research field. The average number of publications per year increased from 10 (2001–2002) to ∼40 (2001–2015), the majority addressing issues on seahorse ecology, biology, and aquaculture, with the most studied species being Hippocampus kuda, H. guttulatus, H. reidi, H. abdominalis, H. erectus, H. hippocampus, and H. trimaculatus. This study explores the opportunity of using seahorses as flagship species to foster mangrove conservation and decrease trawling fisheries. It also suggests that further scientific studies are needed to better understand and manage the populations of the most heavily traded seahorse species, as well as the need to monitor their vulnerability to emerging pollutants and climate change. Sustainable seahorse aquaculture can play an important role in seahorse conservation, as well as in the development of reliable traceability tools to fight the illegal trade of these highly priced organisms
Descripción11 páginas, 6 figuras, 1 tabla
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23308249.2016.1237469
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